Weed Management in Allium Crops
During the past few years, farmers across Israel have reported on an increasing abundance of Fabaceae species in Allium crops. Allium crops such as garlic and onion are considered weak competitors with low tolerance for weed infestation. In addition, their crop growing seasons, which is generally longer compared to other field crops, enables repeated germination cycles of those weeds. The nature of Allium crops makes it difficult to use mechanical control at critical growth stages. Furthermore, relatively to other field crops, low number of herbicides are registered for weed control in Allium crops. It is important to mention that the window of opportunity for herbicide application is relatively narrow, due to high crop sensitivity at early and late growth stages. Thus, increasing the ability of weeds to further establish in these crops.
Our main objectives are: to identify the problematic weed species, study their biology and phenology and to 3) develop alternative weed management practices for Allium crops.
Project led by : Shaharit Ziv
In collaboration with: Prof. Avraham Gamliel
Controlling invasive Ambrosia species
Ambrosia species are a perennial invasive weeds, that have invaded Israel in several occasions. Traditional management of Ambrosia species mainly includes the application of various non-selective herbicides. However, better understanding of the biology and phenology of these weeds may increase herbicide efficacy. The objectives of this research are: to study the biology and phenology of these invasive weeds, and to target more sensitive life stages in order to increase herbicide efficiency.
Project led by : Danielle Vaknin
In collaboration with: Professor Martin Goldway and Professor Hanan Eizenberg
Reuse of dredged riverbed sediments in agricultural fields
During rainfall events, soil particle that erode from the surrounding agricultural fields, eventually deposit in the stream channel. The Purpose of the current project is to investigate the potential reuse of dredged sediments, accumulated in Nahala stream, by means of: (i) assessing the seed bank composition and soil quality of the dredged sediments, (ii) examine different treatment methods (e.g. solarization, co-composting) aimed to reduce seed viability, in order to sustainably implement dredged sediments in the nearby agricultural fields.
Project led by: Smadar Tanner
In collaboration with: Dr. Yael Laor and Dr. Roei egozi
Exploring the Biology and Phenology of the Invasive Weed Parthenium hysterophorus
In recent years, there has been increasing concern about the spread of the invasive weed Parthenium hysterophorus in agricultural and non-agricultural habitats across Israel. With no control, P. hysterophorus can cause up to 97% yield reduction. Here, we investigate the biology and phenology of this weed and examine the effectiveness of various selective and non-selective herbicides aimed to improve P. hysterophorus control.
Project led by : Sahar Malka
In collaboration with: Dr. Ran Lati and Professor Hanan Eizenberg
Development of Integrated Management Protocols for swallow-wort (Cynanchum acutum)
Cynanchum acutum is a perennial vine associated with wet habitats and may be found in cultivated fields, orchards, fence rows, natural areas and roadsides. Recently, its range has expanded to the Arava valley, and it has become a pest in the date orchards due to its unique phenological and biological characteristics. The main objective of this proposal is to develop new and effective control options for C. acutum. These control options will set the basis for advanced integrated management protocols in order to achieve maximum control of this weed.
Project led by : Uri Bar
In collaboration with: Dr. Ran Lati, Dr. Malki Spodek, Dr. Jessica Schäckermann and Professor Avraham Gamliel
Studying the evolutionary trajectory of Amaranthus tuberculatus and Amaranthus palmeri as noxious invasive weeds
The economically damaging weeds Amaranthus tuberculatus and A. palmeri were both introduced from North America to Israel in the 1960's-70's. Although both species are potentially harmful, A. palmeri has proven to be more damaging and competitive than A. tuberculatus. However, in recent years, A. tuberculatus has emerged as a weed with great agricultural importance. At this point, there is no available data explaining whether a new introduction or the ongoing evolution of a highly adaptive biotype constitutes the reason for this occurrence. Herbicide resistance was also recorded in populations of both species and thus may serve as the reason for the increasing damage of both species in recent years.
Project led by : Amit Wallach
In collaboration with: Professor Hanan Eizenberg